The importance of medicinal plants in traditional medicinal practices and their contribution to biodiversity preservation is now widely acknowledged. It is well recognized that the traditional application of medicinal plants in medicinal operations offers guidance for brand-new study areas. Ethnopharmacological studies are very helpful in the creation of herbal medications. One of the primary goals of these studies, which provide scientific documentation for medicinal plants used for specific therapeutic purposes, is the development of superior preparations for use by peoples. It is now commonly recognized how crucial the traditional medicinal uses of plants are for opening up new research areas. It is essential to preserve the traditional knowledge of ethnomedicine. Economic factors are significant, but traditional techniques also have appeal for social, cultural, and medicinal reasons. Madhuca longifolia has pharmaceutical, ethnomedicinal and ethnopharmacological values. The parts used include flowers, fruits, seeds, leaves, barks etc. This medicinal plant is effective against various diseases, e.g. cancer, ulcers, as well as snakebite. So, the aim and rationale of the study were to explore the ethnopharmacological, ethnomedicinal and traditional practices of Madhuca longifolia (J. Koenig Ex L.) J. F. Macbr. (Family: Sapotaceae).